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Tough calls: playoffs 2024, volume 3




The Tough Calls are sponsored by Fiziocentrs – a well known physiotherapy clinic in Latvia. The videos shown below will help to understand the game, referees and rules.



  1. White 89 drove to basket, he was guarded by the defender Red 11. White 6 made offensive screen on the Red 2 and pushed him into Red 11. Both Red team players felt down. Referees called offensive foul by White 6. FIBA OBRI 33.7. Illegal screening is when the player who is screening an opponent: Was moving when contact occurred. Did not give sufficient distance in setting a screen outside the field of vision of a stationary opponent when contact occurred. Did not respect the elements of time and distance of an opponent in motion when contact occurred. Outcome: correct decision from the referees. White 6 made illegal screen on the Red 2, who then hit into Red 11. White 6 charged with personal offensive foul.




2. Black 1 dribbled the ball and felt down, while closely guarded by Yellow 77. After falling, he was holding a ball and stood up. Referees called the violation by the Black 1 – travelling. FIBA OBRI 25.2.2.  A player falling, lying or sitting on the floor: It is legal when a player falls and slides on the floor while holding the ball or, while lying or sitting on the floor, gains control of the ball. It is a violation if the player then rolls or attempts to stand up while holding the ball. Outcome: correct decision from the referees. Black 1 cannot stand up while holding the ball after falling. It is Black 1 travelling violation.




3. Yellow 25 set a screen on the Black 3. Both players felt on the court. Referees called offensive personal foul by Yellow 25.


FIBA OBRI 33.7. Illegal screening is when the player who is screening an opponent: Was moving when contact occurred. Did not give sufficient distance in setting a screen outside the field of vision of a stationary opponent when contact occurred. Did not respect the elements of time and distance of an opponent in motion when contact occurred. Outcome: correct decision from the referees. Yellow 25 didn’t respect the elements of time and distance of the Black 3 motion. Illegal screen and offensive foul by Yellow 25.




4. Quarterfinal game, when the winner will be determined by the sum of the two games, and it was a second game. First game Red team (Juventus) lost by 11 points. End of the game, Red team run to offense, Red 11 received a pass and made a shot. Defender White 4 jumped in a shooter’s cylinder, made a contact with a body, when Red 11 was still in the act of shooting. Referees called act of shooting foul by White 4. Three points were counted and Red 11 was awarded with one additional free throw. Referees also used IRS for game clock correction. FIBA OBRI 15.1.2. The act of shooting on a shot:

  1. Begins when the player starts, in the judgement of a referee, to move the ball upwards towards the opponents’ basket.

  2. Ends when the ball has left the player’s hand(s), or if an entirely new act of shooting is made and, in case of an airborne shooter, both feet have returned to the floor. FIBA OBRI 34.2.2. If the foul is committed on a player in the act of shooting, that player shall be awarded a number of free throws as follows: If the shot released from the field goal area is successful, the goal shall count and, in addition, 1 free throw. FIBA OBRI F.3. Instant Replay System: The following game situations may be reviewed: FIBA OBRI F.3.1. At the end of the quarter or overtime, whether a shot for a successful field goal was released before the game clock signal sounded for the end of the quarter or overtime. Outcome: correct decision from the referees. Red 11 released successful shot before the game signal sounded. Referees counted three points, used Instant Replay system for game clock correction. After watching the video replay, 1,3 seconds have been restored on the game clock and Red 11 awarded with an additional one free throw.



Author: Oskars Lucis, ENBL Head of referees

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